After the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China announced its decision on proposed reforms to the Hong Kong electoral system in September, students staged a class boycott campaign and tried to storm the Government offices, triggering a mass of crowd to protest. Demonstrations for a universal suffrage in Hong Kong began and several major city crossroads had been occupied.
Mongkok, being a typically more working-class neighbourhood, occupation was regraded as being more earthy and more volatile. The police employed heavy hands in their attempts to disperse the protestors yet it antagonised the public and scaled up the occupy site despite the premises has been cleared and re-occupied again for several times.
Throughout the 79 days of the civil disobedience campaign, there were 470 injuries, 955 arrested, and 100,000 swarmed the street at its peak. It is named as the Umbrella Movement as umbrellas were used to defend against poilce batons and tear gas, and became the symbol of defiance and resistance against the Government.